A Political implementation B Environmental Indicators B1 TransportB2 Carrying Capacity B3 Energy
B4 Water
B5 Solid Waste C Social& cultural performance indicatorsD Ecomnomic performance indicators
 

About this Publication
Foreword
Europe
The European Union
Destinations
Table: core set of indicators
Eco-labelling tourism
The tourism market
The VISIT approach
The VISIT Standard
The VISIT eco-labels
The VISIT message
Easy access to eco-labelled products
The VISIT Association
Outlook 2010
Word of thanks

 

A. Political implementation of sustainability concepts

Key questions for sustainability:

  • Existence and evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental management and monitoring tools for a more integrated tourism strategy?
  • Are different stakeholders involved in the process?

Key questions for the quality of the region:

  • Is there a continuous reporting and monitoring system designed to improve or maintain the destination’s quality?

No.

Description of Indicator

How to measure, further explanations

A-1

Existence of a local policy for enhancing sustainability in the destination

Existence of a political strategy decision (Yes/No)
Existence of an action plan (Yes/No)
Number of the following issues covered by this action plan: transport, land use and biodiversity, energy, water, waste, social issues, economic issues

A-2

Involvement of stakeholders

Are there stakeholders continuously involved in designing, revising and monitoring the sustainability strategy (Yes/No)
Is there extra staff employed for the implementation (number of staff)

A-3

Existence of an inventory of sites of cultural interest

E.g. monuments, buildings, UNESCO heritage sites: Yes or no

A-4

Existence of an inventory of sites of natural interest

E.g. protected areas, habitats, especially vulnerable areas, Natura 2000: Yes or no

A-5

Number of eco-labelled tourism facilities or facilities applying for environmental management schemes (such as EMAS or ISO 14000)

Including hotels, restaurants, camping sites or other tourism services

A-6

Number of sites monitored with Blue-Flag-System and total number of bathing sites (if applicable)

 

B Environmental Indicators
B1. Tourism transport (access to destination and return travel, local mobility)

Schlüsselfragen der Nachhaltigkeit:

  • Is the amount of transport pressure caused by tourism decreasing?
  • Are tourists arriving by more sustainable means of transport? Current situation and evolution in time to see whether there is change towards improvement, or not.
  • Is the length of stays decreasing or increasing? More day visitors or longer staying tourists?
  • What are the main means of transport tourists are using during their stay at the destination?

Key questions for the quality of the region:

  • Impact of transport on noise and air quality, traffic jams?

No.

Description of Indicator

How to measure, further explanations

B1-1

Share of environmentally-friendly modes of transport in all arrivals


How many tourists (staying at least for one night) used the following main means of transport: car, plane, train, bus, ship or bicycle to come to the destination (total figures per year if available, percentage in case of guest surveys or estimates).
How many day visitors used the following main means of transport: car, plane, train, bus, ship or bicycle to come to the destination (total figures per year if available, percentage in case of guest surveys or estimates).

B1-2

Number of same-day visitors per km²

Monthly table of day visitors (total figures, if no data available figures from previous visitor surveys or estimates).
Monthly table of meals sold in all restaurants (if available).

B1-3

Local mobility

Monthly table of the number of passengers transported by local public transport.
Percentage of accommodations, tourism facilities and other tourist attractions accessible by public transport (less than 10 minutes walking distance to next station/stop).
Extra means of transport especially set up for tourists (type of transport and number of passenger places available per month)

B2. Carrying capacity - land use, bio-diversity, tourism activities

Key questions for sustainability:

  • • How much land is taken up by tourism accommodations?
  • What is the amount of area occupied by second homes?
  • Does the destination try to protect and preserve natural areas?
  • Impact of different tourism activities on bio-diversity?

Key questions for the quality of the region:

• Degree of urban sprawl, which reduces attractiveness of destinations?
• Amount of natural areas, which raise attractiveness of the site?

Coastal destinations - Key questions for sustainability:

  • What is the pressure on aquatic systems (coasts, lakes, rivers, etc.)?

Key questions for the quality of the region:

  • Are coasts in danger of becoming overcrowded?

Mountain destinations - Key questions for sustainability:

  • Tourist pressure in mountain destinations?

Key questions for the quality of the region:

  • Are mountain destinations in danger of becoming overcrowded?

No.

Description of Indicator

How to measure, further explanations

B2-1

Maximum population density (peak season) per km²

Table of number of total population (incl. tourists) per month

B2-2

Beds in secondary residences (in % of total lodging capacity)

Lodging capacity (by means of accommodation)

B2-3

Ratio of built-up area to natural areas

Types of area of destination (built-up area, area reserved for building, green land, forest, water, other) in km²

B2-4

Size of protected natural areas (in % of total destination area)

Total size of protected natural areas (any kind of degree of protection) in km²

B2-5

Evolution of different leisure time activities with intensive use of resources

Evolution of different leisure time activities with intensive use of resources:
• Total size of golf course(s) (in km²)
• Number of guests at golf course(s) per year
• Number of snow canons
• Area covered with artificial snow
• Capacity of lifts, cable cars and similar transport facilities (in persons-vertical meters/year)
• Number of tourists transported with helicopters
• Capacity of harbours and marinas (number of motor boats)
• Number of hydro speeds or similar water sports equipment

B2-6

Percentage of natural coastline (if applicable)

Percentage of length of natural coast line (not built-up within a zone of 1 km from the water) on total coastline

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